Basics of Using Credit Cards

At some point in your life, you’ll likely start thinking about taking out your first credit card. Pretty much everyone gets there sooner or later. A credit card is a great tool that can save you a lot of time, and in some cases even money – but it has to be used responsibly, and with a full understanding of the implications behind it.

Because if you’re not careful, a credit card can cause you a lot of harm in the long run. It’s not hard to find all sorts of horror stories of this type, and some people tend to have a suspicious attitude towards credit cards because of that. But in the end, it boils down to how responsible you are and whether you have the determination to go through with the deal until the end.

Basic Concepts

The basic idea of a credit card is not too different from that of a loan. You pay with the card (or take money out of it through ATMs in some cases), and instead of having that money automatically withdrawn from a checking account, it piles up on a credit line. At the end of the month, you get a bill for everything you’ve bought with your credit card. If you can’t pay that bill on time, you get charged interest.

What makes credit cards different from a typical loan is the interest rate. Loans are meant to be repaid over periods of months, sometimes even years. On the other hand, a credit card is supposed to be paid off much more quickly, and carries harsher penalties for those who don’t.

Who Needs One?

Not everyone needs a credit card, but most people nowadays can definitely benefit from one in various ways. It’s a great tool for online shoppers, for example. Pretty much any online shopping site accepts the popular types of credit cards, and you’ll often be able to pay without any extra fees that way. For example, paying with PayPal will often incur a $1-2 extra charge in most cases. Your bank might charge you for direct debit purchases as well.

A credit card is also good for those cases where you know you will eventually be able to afford something, but you can’t buy it right now and yet you want or need to. Keep in mind that you should be very realistic with yourself regarding your ability to pay off the balance on that credit card eventually though. If you don’t, the consequences can be severe, especially for a bigger purchase.

How to Get a Credit Card

To get a credit card, start by talking to your bank. They should have some deals readily available for their customers. Even better, you won’t have to go through any approval periods or other similar annoyances, because the bank already knows exactly how much you’re earning, spending, and saving. They will be able to give you a good deal designed to match your current situation as closely as possible.

If that doesn’t satisfy you, you can try an external card issuer. These might sometimes be able to give you better deals than your bank, but this usually depends on catching a good deal at the right time. Pay attention to the internet and follow some sites that list such promotions to maximize your chances.

Consider a Loan Too

Sometimes, a credit card is the wrong solution to a problem you might be having. If you just need a single “burst” of money, consider the option of taking out a loan instead of committing yourself to a credit card. Remember that a credit card comes with a long-term contract and has various implications on your finances, which a loan doesn’t.

Plus, a loan can be spread over a much longer period in most cases, so it’s a more appropriate solution if you need the money for a single purchase. With a credit card, you’re pretty much just buying yourself an extra month or so. With a loan, it’s a completely different story and you can sometimes extend the purchase by a year or more.

Common Mistakes

The main mistake you should avoid when using a credit card is to treat it like extra money. It’s not that, it’s just extra time to get money you were already expecting to get in the first place. Seeing a credit card as free money is one of the fastest ways to find yourself buried up to your neck in debt with no apparent way out of the situation. And it happens to more people than you’d expect – in most cases just because they were careless.

Remember that a credit card is also a financial asset like any other. You should do your best to protect it and keep it secure. Credit cards tend to be targeted very often by hackers and other types of malicious actors, so follow any guidelines and recommendations that your bank might have regarding the use of your credit card. And as soon as you notice anything out of the ordinary, alert the appropriate department.

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